1. What is PSPTN
PSPTN is the abbreviation used for Pelan Strategik Pengajian Tinggi Negara or National Higher Education Strategic Plan (NHESP)
2. What is the foundation to the formation of PSPTN?
PSPTN was formed based on the Second Thrust of the Ninth Malaysia Plan which stated that to attain the Vision 2020, the country needs to raise its knowledge and innovation capacity, as well as produce first-class mentality.
3. What is the objective of PSPTN?
PSPTN was formulated with the aim to produce human capital that supports the thrusts of the National Mission in order to improve knowledge capability and nation’s innovation, as well as inspire first-class mentality.
4. How will PSPTN be implemented?
PSPTN encompasses four phases:
Phase 1 (2007 - 2010): Laying the Foundation
Phase 2 (2011 - 2015): Strengthening and Enhancement
Phase 3 (2016 - 2020): Excellence
Phase 4 (Beyond 2020): Glory and Sustainability
5. What are PSPTN Strategic Thrusts?
The 7 thrusts of PSPTN:
• Widening of Access and Increasing Equity
• Improving the Quality if Teaching and Learning
• Enhancing Research and Innovation
• Strengthening of Higher Education Institutions (HEIs)
• Intensifying Internationalisation
• Enculturation of Lifelong Learning
• Reinforcing Delivery Systems of MOHE
All these thrusts outline the targets and goals of the national higher education
6. How are the plans translated into actions?
For the first phase of PSPTN implementation, a National Higher Education Action Plan (2007-2010) was produced as guidance to initiatives that need to be implemented to ensure the success of the strategic objectives outlined.
Critical Agenda Project (CAP) were created to foresee the achievement of PSPTN. Through the creations of project groups at the central level and the implementation level at HEIs, a Project Management approach was used. Monitoring of implementation is closely done by the Programme Management Office of MOHE, in collaboration with all the programme management office at the institution level (iPMO) of all HEIs.
7. What is the connection between CAP and PSPTN Thrusts?
There is no one-to-one connection between CAP and the strategic thrusts. There are cases where the achievement of one CAP will support more than one strategic thrusts, or the achievement of a few CAP will support one specific strategic thrust.
Basically, the accumulated achievement and outcome of the entire CAP will lead to the achievement of the 7 PSPTN thrusts.
8. What are the institutional aspects that are given emphasis in the Plan?
There are 5 institutional pillars that are emphasized in the PSPTN: Governance, Academic Leadership, Learning and Teaching, and Research and Development. All 5 pillars were appointed as CAP, which are supported and interacted with 18 other CAP of PSPTN; which brings the number of CAP to 23 (as of June 2011).
9. Do all HEIs need to implement the appointed CAP?
All HEIs need to execute certain initiatives for all CAP that have been identified to be implemented at institutional level. Nevertheless, targets set for each HEI are closely related to factors like the maturity of the university, capability of resources and its intellects, infrastructure etc.
10. Are the polytechnics and community colleges involved in the PSPTN?
The polytechnics and community colleges involvement in PSPTN is crucial and important especially under the thrust context that is related to the Widening of Access and Enculturation of Lifelong Learning. For Phase 2 of PSPTN, the importance and priority placed upon TVET makes the polytechnics’ and community colleges’ roles and contribution become more compelling.